Questions to Ask Explant Surgeons

The following is a comprehensive list of questions to ask explant surgeons during your consultations. Asking these questions will help you find a surgeon dedicated to proper explant which is an En Bloc / Total Capsulectomy explant. There are also important questions to ask about pathology, recovery, after care and about having your implants returned to you. 

  1. Are you a board certified Plastic Surgeon? Do you have hospital privileges? Do you have medical malpractice insurance? If a surgeon has their own surgical suite but does not have hospital privileges, find out why.  Having hospital privileges is key to ask as it means they are trained and certified in plastic surgery and in good standing with the medical community. Also hospital privileges are important if you were to  have a serious complication during surgery that would require entry to a hospital to save your life and a surgeon without hospital privileges cannot help you in those circumstances. Surgeons lose their hospital privileges for significant reasons and you should be aware of those reasons but may not have access to the information unless you ask.   Surgeons lose their malpractice insurance too for serious reasons such as multiple malpractice suits and you may not have access to that information unless you ask.  Is the surgical facility accredited? Learn more about surgical facility accreditation here:
  2. Ideally breast implants should be removed En Bloc if possible and always with a Total Capsulectomy.  En Bloc is important for bleeding or leaking silicone and or textured implants to minimize silicone contamination to you.  Total Capsulectomy may suffice for smooth saline implants if you are not symptomatic but if you are symptomatic you may want En Bloc for smooth saline too.  For all explants of breast implants all capsule tissue should be removed from your chest  for your highest and best recovery from breast implant illness symptoms.  Do you have En Bloc explant skills and experience?  How long have you been explanting and how many En Bloc explants have you done?  Do you have Total Capsulectomy skills and how many Total Capsulectomies have you done? They should have at least 50 or more under their belt. Can you provide photos of previous En Bloc / Total Capsulectomy explants?  Can you provide photos of my En Bloc / Total Capsulectomy explanted capsules and implants evidencing entire removal of capsule tissue?  Photos are really the only way they can prove they removed your implants En Bloc / Total Capsulectomy. Are you committed to removing all capsule tissue from my chest and will the surgery contract state Total Capsulectomy to ensure this commitment? Choose a surgeon that is committed to removing all capsule tissue from your chest as we know that removing capsules correlates with our healing from breast implant illness.  How long will the surgery take? Proper En Bloc / Total Capsulectomy explants usually require a general anesthetic and take approximately two hours or longer of surgery time.
  3. For saline implants, will you drain or remove any fluid from my implants before explanting? We highly suggest against draining or removing any fluid as saline fluid can be full of mold biotoxins, silicone particulate and chemicals and draining fluid from your implants prior to your explant or during explant risks contamination to you. 
  4.  In regard to BIA-ALCL, if you have swelling, seroma, breast mass or capsular contracture and textured implants, please push for BIA-ALCL testing upon removal of your implants. If a seroma is discovered during explant will you aspirate and send the fluid and capsules for CD30 Immunohistochemistry to rule out BIA~ALCL? Please do not assume that surgeons automatically know to do this, many do not know and discard the fluid. We have to educate explanting surgeons to do the CD30 test and to follow proper testing procedures for BIA-ALCL which is likely more widespread than the medical community acknowledges.
  5. Can I see an advance copy of all presurgery paperwork that must be signed. Do I have to sign a confidentiality agreement or a non-disclosure agreement with this surgeon? This is a relatively new angle that surgeons have come up with after the consult and deposit are paid and right before the surgery they attempted to force patients to sign a nondisclosure/confidentiality agreement so the patient cannot report their surgery experience online.  We suggest walking away from surgeons trying to force confidentiality agreements.
  6. What kind of anesthetic is used during surgery and what can I expect with it? Is anything else added to the anesthetic and if so how will it affect me? If I am MTHFR positive will my condition affect anesthesia procedures? MTHFR people are recommended to avoid Nitrous Oxide as it greatly depletes B12 levels which exacerbates our symptoms.
  7. Will I receive antibiotics during the surgery, what kind will be used and how will they affect me? Will I receive any other medication such as an anti-nausea medication? Some surgeons use steroids during surgery. Lyme ladies should be cautious about steroids as they can worsen Lyme.
  8. Will you use cautery during surgery which reduces bleeding? How will you control bleeding or blood clotting if necessary to do so? Will the stitches be dissolvable or do they have to be removed? Will any foreign materials be used such as staples, permanent stitches, mesh etc? We highly suggest against all foreign materials because these cause symptoms too.  Some lift procedures use mesh and we highly advise against mesh or other similar products as it causes problems too.
  9. What kind of pain medication will be prescribed and how will it affect me?
  10. Are pieces of capsule tissue sent to pathology to check for bacterial and fungal infections and also the rest of the capsule to check for silicone, various immune reactivity cells, cancer or BIA-ALCL if applicable. Do you send the implants to pathology to document their state and if they are leaking or ruptured. Will you test saline fluid for colonization by microorganisms such as mold if applicable by sending to labs that test for fungus such as Mycometrics or Real-Time Lab? How much will any of this testing cost?
  11. What do you do to clean out the chest pocket if it is contaminated with silicone and or microorganisms?
  12. If you are dealing with a grossly ruptured silicone implant where silicone travelled to the lymph nodes, does he check lymph nodes for silicone through ultrasound and localization techniques and remove lymph nodes that cannot be saved?
  13. Do you take pictures or video of the explant procedure? We recommend getting the following video or pictures signed off by him; one of you with your implants still in before surgery, one of you after explant without your implants while on the surgery table, picture of the implants with capsule tissue still on to prove En Bloc removal and pictures of the implants and capsule tissue separately to document capsulectomy. 
  14. Can I have a copy of my complete file including operative reports, pictures and tests at our first follow up meeting?
  15. Will you pack up and return my uncleaned implants and capsule tissue to me if I request? Or send them elsewhere if you request? If you are interested in legal, check with your attorney about how your implants should be handled to preserve your case. 
  16. Will I have drains and what should I expect with drains and how will I care for drains while I have them? Who will remove the drains?
  17. What are the signs of an infection after explant? What are the signs of a seroma or hematoma after explant? What are the procedures if symptoms of these occur?
  18. If you are explanting due to rupture, capsular contracture, pain or infection and your insurance covers you for explant will the surgeon work through your insurance or provide you the letters required for you to apply to insurance for a reimbursement yourself?
  19. Is there a deposit required and what happens with the deposit if I have to cancel or postpone at anytime?
  20. What are pre-surgery directions for avoiding supplements and medications and what are after surgery directions for compression, wound care, sleeping, massage and who will I call if have problems or questions after surgery?
  21. Will he prescribe antibiotics for bacterial infections in the chest or antifungals if the implants are colonized with fungus or if you experience an overgrowth of fungus in the gut and body due to antibiotics from surgery.
  22. How long will it take for my breasts to heal and feel normal? When will the follow up appointments be and how many? What can I expect in terms of size of explant incision scars.

Please join our Facebook group of over 150,000 women for support through your healing journey.

We look forward to your comments, feedback and personal stories about your symptoms due to breast implants. Please see the comment form below. Thank you.

This Post Has 53 Comments

  1. Julie Sanders

    Thank you! I found it! It was an oversight the other night, but I was exhausted, so that is why I asked on the group page thinking there was a file there.

  2. Kris

    When the surgeon does the En Bloc procedure does he have to take out some of the natural breast tissue that surrounds the implant? I was a C before I children. After breast feeding three kids I shrunk to a B. I am just wondering if I will have any breast tissue left.

    1. Nicole

      Hi Kris,
      No, no breast tissue is removed when a surgeon explants you.

  3. Stacey

    Any chance this post could be made more gender neutral? Just think it would be nice to acknowledge that women can be surgeons, too 🙂

  4. Tracey Thomas

    Any recommendations on explant surgeons in Milwaukee WI

    Thank you!


    1. Käaren Bordwell

      Greater Milwaukee Plastic Surgeons
      Dr. Kinney

  5. Lynda

    Is there a way to get our insurance companies to pay for Explant surgery? Could you please help out with information on that, or a website to go to? I went to one of the surgeons on your list, but he said it was next to impossible.
    Thank you so much for doing this,

    1. Nicole

      Hi Lynda, also on our website under the Resources section is a page on Insurance and Explants here:, which is our best advice regarding insurance. Also inside the facebook group is a post about which surgeons may go through insurance for each state if we found one for that state.

      1. Lynda

        Thank you so much, Nicole! I did try to get on Facebook, but I am on it with my husband (though neither one of us use it very often) and I guess that is against the rules. The name on FB is Jeffery Lynda Gibson if I’m allowed to join.
        Once again, thank you so much for your help!

  6. Claire

    On July 7th I went thru replacing my old silicon implants from 2007 with Ideal saline implants. Since this is not my first breast implant replacement, I thought it would be easy. Wrong! Next day I was back at the surgeon’s office as my left breast was very swollen and hot. Since I had drains he told me no problem he just had to work harder on that breast due to capsular contracture. So a month later I know have a very hard left breast and I am done. Having read so much helpful information I am now worried about going back to the same doctor to get both removed for good. He does a lot of reconstructive surgery but after having gone through this surgery, I am not sure if I can trust him. Worse I am not sure who to go to as I live in South Carolina and this surgeon was in August, GA. Thoughts?

  7. Jill Bosso

    How do I find out who is an expert explant surgeon in my area?

    1. Nicole

      Hi Jill, the Explant Surgeon’s list is also on the website, its long so scroll down to your country and then state.

  8. Monica

    can i apply for disability while i’m off work to heal or get the procedure done? Will insurance cover the removal?

  9. Pamela

    Hello Anllela: Read you are in Chicago and at this point should of had explant surgery. I am interviewing surgeons in Chicago, from list, yet was wondering who you elected to go with; I am seeking an actual recommendation of personal experience? Thanks, Pamela

    1. Carrie Bennett

      I highly recommend Dr Pryor!

  10. Anita

    Can anyone recommend a surgeon in Norway?

      1. Rebekka

        I see no one in Norway on this list? I am also from Norway, but are planning on travel to Sweden.

  11. ConnIe

    What is Bll?

    1. Nicole

      Breast implant illness is not really to do with the brand or type of implant that you have. Breast implant illness occurs in all brands and both saline and silicone implants and is a very multifaceted illness. For both saline and silicone breast implants a strong and immediate response to the silicone shell directly after implantation may be predicated by your genes specifically HLA B27, HLA DR52 and HLA DR53 which are genes associated with being ill in the first year after implantation and a higher sensitivity to silicone. Even if you don’t have these specific genes your body will still respond to the fact that breast implants are huge foreign objects implanted in your chest near vital organs and glands and you will experience the usual foreign body immune response as your body mounts an all out war which causes immune deficits, immune dysfunction and eventually autoimmune symptoms and diseases. Our overwhelmed immune system eventually switches over to attacking itself instead of attacking invaders. This is known as switching from TH1 dominance to TH2 dominance and it is when the immune system develops antibodies against itself instead of killer T-Cells to kill what it perceives to be abnormal cells. Eventually, both saline and silicone breast implants cause immune system failure by overwhelming the immune system and allowing various infections in the body to gain a foothold and cause many of our symptoms. These infections can be bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitical. Next the approximate 40 toxic chemicals and array of heavy metals in silicone which are known endocrine disruptors, inflammatory, carcinogenic, cytotoxic and neurotoxic poison our fragile endocrine gland system (thyroid/adrenals and others) and poison our Thymus gland and our immune system, poison our gut health and create toxicity in our organs and body. With saline there is also the added element that many of the saline ports collect body fluid and can mold and these organisms can cross into the implant due to defective valves and colonize the implant. These microorganisms produce metabolites which are toxic to us known as biotoxins. The interior of all capsules is perfect place for infections to occur and grow and the inside of capsules necrotize over time. Textures add another layer of toxicity and also textures soak up body fluids and provide spaces for infections to thrive. Textures also aggravate the immune system as they flake off and travel through our lymphatics. Many of us also have pathogens and parasites in our gut due to bad gut health and even past our gut as they inhabit our body because there is little immune opposition to them due to immune deficits. Due to poor gut health we cannot digest our foods and due to autoimmune processes our guts and bodies are full of inflammation. We could go on and on but as you can see saline and silicone implants profoundly damage our health in many ways.

      1. Sheri

        This is extremely helpful and has more understandable information in one post than I have found in weeks of searching for my specific situation! (sudden onset of 4 autoimmune diseases) Thank you for this! 🙏💛

  12. Michelle

    Hello, I am just starting my research and was wondering if anyone has any experience with breast cancer with bilateral mastectomy and reconstruction surgery. My question is .. Are there options for those whom have had a bilateral mastectomy after explanting? I was diagnosed at 23 and am not mentally prepared to be less than flat chested as all my breast tissue have been removed. I was informed that fat transplant is not an option. Thank you in advance.

  13. Pat Stock

    Hi. Just getting started in my explant research and am so happy to have discovered this group! Thank you! I live in Colorado and am wondering if anyone has had experience with Dr. Huang in Denver. Read several reviews but not all were positive.

  14. Joan Eckhoff

    Thank you for this list of questions. It’s hard to remember everything we need to ask. The list is perfect!

    1. Maria White

      I had surgery to remove implants and I never got them back also i was told cd30 test was done and it wasn’t im very upset and worried as I had so many health problems before removal . Heard a lot of women are being told they have had a cd30 test and it turns out they haven’t

  15. Marilyn

    How new is the preferred surgeon list? There is only one plastic surgeon recommended in Indianapolis. Seems strange for such a large city? Thanks.

    1. Nicole

      Hi Marilyn,
      We keep the Explant Surgeon’s list up to date based on explant reported to us in the facebook group.

  16. Ann

    My surgeon is doing a explant with total capsule removal. My question is can you safely do the surgery with no drains after? He said, he’s not going to leave me bleeding and is going to wrap me very tight. He said, drains are just another way for infection to get in. It seems everything I read the surgeon’s always use drains. What is your thought on this?

    1. Nicole

      Hi Ann,
      Some surgeon use drains and some do not, I did not have drains and healed well.

  17. Heidi

    I am concerned that after I have my implants removed ( under the muscle) the pockets will collect fluid and could cause issues. What do they do to fill in the pockets?

    1. Nicole

      Hi Heidi,
      The pocket is open at the bottom. Its usually only the upper portion of the implant that is inserted under the muscle and when removed the muscle adheres to the chest wall again. The body builds a capsule around the implant but that should be removed when you explant. So there is no pocket to collect fluid.

  18. Tira Holland

    My situation seems a little complicated. I have had 3 previous implants under the muscle as well as a removal and breast lift prior to my current implants. I have just started having symptoms after my last set has been implanted over the muscle. I have no idea if the capsule was removed when I had my implants removed in 2014 and the lift performed. With that being said, the set I have now are over the muscle. I want to schedule an explant surgery but is there a way to check and get the previous capsule out while taking the current one out as well being as they were placed in two different locations? Aside from the obvious issues I’m having with my implants, I am scared to schedule a surgery during this pandemic. I am currently living abroad in Italy while working for the military. Is it safe to try and have a surgery amid this type of pandemic?

    1. Nicole

      Hi Tira,
      The only way to tell what if your capsules were removed during your previous surgeries is by speaking with your surgeon and requesting a copy of your operative reports for those surgeries where your surgeon should have described in detail exactly what he did. Some surgeons remove capsules when they replace implants, some leave them and some reuse existing capsule tissue by opening the capsule and removing the old implant and placing the new implant inside the original capsule. When you explant you may have capsules under the muscle and over the muscle and all capsules and capsule tissue should be removed for your highest healing when you explant. Personally I would wait until the pandemic is over to schedule surgery if you can.

  19. Joy Bollinger

    Should they do draining after surgery at all ? Is no draining recommended?

  20. katrina burdetsky

    I am interested in removing my implants Mentor saline smooth under the muscle and I don’t have all the illnesses that others post, but I am very concerned due to I have a special needs daughter whom is 24 years old that my husband and I care for and I want to do everything I can to keep myself healthy for her, but want to remove safely. Please advise?

  21. Elise Guribes

    Me gustaría saber más aserca del tema, cuales son las consecuencias mala que traen los implantes, ya que tengo desde hace 7 años y después que vi sus historias, y también porque ya no me siento cómoda con ellos, me gustaría retirarlo, le gustaría saber más aserca del costo y todos

  22. Marlene

    I will be 75 in March and have almost 40 year old silicone implants (1980). I have had two MRIs in last two years which revealed a rupture in one with free silicone, intracapsular. I have no symptoms and no pain but am debating if I should have them removed. I have researched and am aware of the risks of both options, leaving them in or removing them, but decided as to what I should do.

    Has anyone else opted for the wait and see approach and did you later experience health problems that led you to blame the implants and regret that decision to not remove them earlier?


      I am in the same situation. Mine are 30 yrs 1989. Silicone ruptured on the left side intracapsular. I have very few symptoms and I can’t say for sure they are from my implants. I will be 60 yrs this year. Seeing my PS on Thursday who put them in and another appointment in March with another. I love my breast! I am torn to what to do…🤔

    2. Susan Gallitto

      I am 62 and have had implants for 40 years. I don’t have a lot of the symptoms. I had 2 serious bouts with severe depression and need to take 3 anti depressants now. I had unexplained bleeding and had to have a total hysterectomy last month. I also have a lot of GI upset on and off. I have increasing pain in several joints which i assumed was just part of aging and arthritis. After reading all the info on the website, I too am thinking about having my implants removed. I am still undecided and don’t have an extra $11,000 to pay for it. I do have Blue Shield PPO insurance. My last Mammogram indicated possible rupture on one implant. I occasionally get sharp pains at the site. I also have intermittent heart palpitations. It’s so confusing to know if these conditions are related to the implants since I went so many years without issues. Let me know what you decide to do.

      1. K

        That’s a lot of symptoms listed there for “not having a lot of symptoms”! I find that most women don’t attribute their symptoms to BII when they are all symptoms of BII and due to our implants! I didn’t think I had a lot either, nothing too debilitating but after I wrote out my list of symptoms, I had 20+ I didn’t even realize I had! I am getting my consult tomorrow and hopefully explanting asap!

  23. Kerry

    I have a consultation to remove my implants next Friday and had no idea about all this I need to ask. I am overwhelmed but very grateful. It’s hard to prep when I’m permanently exhausted and in pain. Last week I’d never heard of BII. How can something that has potentially destroyed my life for the past few years be so unrecognised. Thank you

  24. Nancy

    I’m so thankful for all the knowledge I have received from this site. I was going to have my original breast surgeon perform my explant but when I found out yesterday that he left my capsules in from my last breast augmentation I have changed my mind. I’m mind blown. I am so thankful for the information on choosing a dr that has done at least 50 enblocs as I just assumed that my last surgeon would be able to get it all out. It’s so important when getting so close to the lungs. Thank you thank you thank you!!!

    1. Danielle

      Hi Nancy can u ask who you went with ?

  25. Sarah

    Is it common to have a doctor clear patients first before receiving anesthesia after the age of 40? ie. Bloodwork, chest exray, etc

    1. Nicole

      Hi Sarah,
      My surgeon cleared me with various tests to ensure I was healthy enough for explant surgery.

  26. Lynn

    Wonderful information! Thank you so much. I will be having an explant as soon as I find a suitable physician. I almost quit my job because I’ve been so sick. I’m a nurse and I have to been healthy and alert to give my patients the care they deserve. I am anxious to be the version of myself that I was made to be!

  27. Tamera Theriot

    Hi Girls,
    Holy Cow such good information for confirmation and support. I’m in a miserable place after my 1985 Dow Corning Silicone Gel Implant Extracapsular Ruptures x 2 on 9/19/19. Experienced a Hematoma the same day…Emergency Surgery done. No idea of how long the Silicone masses exposed me to Toxins which l believe have now traveled through out my body. Does anybody know of any SAFE Detox’s or possible MD referrals for further assistance in removal of Synthetic Silicone from my Organs? Please advise…HELP. Thank you

  28. Anllela

    Oh my God!! I am amazed with all the great information provided in this site. I am currently looking for a surgeon to explant in the chicago area, and since this list of questions is very helpful I wonder if a doctor actually agrees to take a video or pictures of the procedure while doing it?

    1. Nicole

      Hi Anllela,
      Yes some surgeons do video the whole surgery and some just take photographs of the explanted capsules and implants showing En Bloc and or Total Capsulectomy.

  29. Joanie Greenwood

    So helpful!!! Thank you! Joanie

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